May 5th, 2022

A Complete Guide To Staking Cryptocurrencies

By Alfprotocol Team

A Complete Guide To Staking Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrency staking is becoming more and more popular these days since it uses blockchain technology in a trustless and accessible manner. Since the cryptocurrency market is so new, there isn’t really much information out there on staking that is readily available to new and potential cryptocurrency adopters. 


This article will look at all aspects of cryptocurrency staking and better understand how this innovative process works. 

The Main Differences Between Staking and Mining Cryptocurrency

The two prominent consensus algorithms for determining who gets paid in a cryptocurrency blockchain are Proof-of-Stake and Proof-of-Work algorithms.

Proof of Work (PoW) Algorithm

Proof-of-Work is the most well-known algorithm, which requires miners to perform complex calculations using expensive special hardware to secure the network operations and thus earn cryptocurrency. Some of the more famous cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum use the PoW consensus algorithms; nevertheless, Ethereum has decided to move from a PoW to a PoS algorithm, which brings us to our second consensus algorithm.

Proof of Stake (PoS) Algorithm

In the case of the Proof-of-Stake algorithms, a group of nodes elects to stake their coins to validate transactions. They are referred to as ‘stakers.’ 


The proof of stake consensus algorithm is different from the proof of work algorithm in that it does not require miners to solve complex mathematical problems to verify transactions. Instead, the proof of stake algorithm allows any node that holds a stake in the network to verify transactions. This algorithm is often used in cryptocurrency networks as it is more energy-efficient than the proof of work algorithm.

What Is Staking?

Staking is a process by which cryptocurrency holders can earn a return on their holdings without performing other technical tasks. Staking works by users locking some of their own cryptocurrency away for a percentage of block rewards. 


The reason why your cryptocurrency generates earnings while it is staked is that the blockchain puts it to use by executing transactions. If you choose to stake your cryptocurrency, it will become a part of that validation process. 


Staking can be done using a wide range of cryptocurrencies; however, some coins offer a higher return than others.

Advantages of Staking Cryptocurrencies

There are many advantages to staking, especially when it comes to earning rewards. When you stake, you are essentially locking up your coins in order to help support the network. In return, you are rewarded with new coins, which can be earned passively. This is a great way to earn additional income without having to do any extra work. In addition, staking can help to secure the network and make it more resistant to attacks.

Staking Pools

Essentially, a staking pool is a group of cryptocurrency holders that pool their resources in order to increase their chances of validating blocks and earning rewards. They pool their staking power and split the benefits in accordance with their pool contributions.


Establishing and managing a staking pool sometimes needs considerable effort and expertise. Apart from that, pools may offer increased freedom to individual investors. 


Typically, the stake must be locked for a specified amount of time and the protocol will provide a deadline for withdrawal or unstaking; furthermore, the majority of staking pools have a modest minimum balance requirement and do not impose extra withdrawal periods. 

Validator ‘Slashing’

As punishment for malicious activities made by the validator, slashing is a procedure in which a portion of the stake allocated to the validator is destroyed as a result of the validator’s actions.


This system incentivizes validators to refrain from engaging in such behaviors since a lower stake delegated to the validator results in a lower amount of rewards accruing to that validator. Slashing can also be considered a danger to existing or future stakeholder retention throughout their respective pools.

How to Get Started?

If you’re looking to get started in the world of staking, we recommend checking out Solana. Solana offers a versatile and easy-to-use ecosystem that makes it a great choice for those just getting started. In addition, Solana’s staking rewards are some of the most competitive in the market, making it a great option for those looking to maximize their returns.


If you want to stake SOL tokens, you must utilize a wallet that allows you to do so. At present time, not all wallets are capable of staking.

Recommended Wallets

Solflare Wallet

Solflare is a relatively simple web-based wallet that, when combined with the Ledger wallet, provides exceptional security. SolFlare is one of the finest wallets for desktop and mobile devices, with a fantastic browser extension.

Phantom Wallet

The Phantom wallet is easily accessible since it functions as an extension to the Google Chrome toolbar. Phantom has quickly become one of the most popular alternatives for a Solana Wallet because of its simplicity and vast capabilities.

Exodus Wallet

Exodus is a fantastic choice if you want a multicurrency wallet that supports SOL. This cryptocurrency wallet works with a wide range of devices and operating systems, including Linus, Mac, Windows, iOS, and Android.

Other Staking Platforms

Staking can also take a different setup via DeFi and DEX platforms in the form of rewards for supplying liquidity to these platforms. One notable platform for staking SPL tokens is Alfprotocol.


With the development and introduction of its own Staking solution, Alfprotocol is enabling other Solana-based projects to build their own staking pools in a straightforward and safe manner. 


You can find more information about Alfprotocol’s staking solution here.

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